Chuck Close was born July 5, 1940 in Monroe, Wisconsin. After graduating in 1962 from the University of Washington, Seattle, he began pursuing a masters in figurative art in 1964 at Yale University. Thanks to a scholarship, he was able to spend a number of months in Europe. His works, namely his portraits, are often associated with the Hyperrealism or Photographic Realism movements, which in response to Minimalism and Conceptual Art offer a link between painterly and photographic representation through a mechanical and detailed reproduction of reality. In 2006 the Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia de Madrid dedicated an exhaustive retrospective to Close’s body of work. He has been the subject of hundreds of exhibits in important museums and institutions, among which is the State Hermitage Museum, which dedicated an exhibit to his work in February of 2008.